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A lot of people think of creativity as an end in itself. Unfortunately for starving artists everywhere, employers don’t.

Employers do want creativity. They ask for it all the time in job postings. Fewer and fewer jobs require a worker to tighten the same bolt or fill out the same form over and over, without much thought. A knowledge economy runs on the ability to analyze problems and find creative solutions. And it takes technical know-how to do that.

CreativityIn fact, creative work increasingly requires technical skills. Those additional technical skills are what give you the ability to translate great thoughts into action. So being “a creative type” won’t get you a hall pass out of acquiring hard skills.

The best guide to what those skills are comes from the requirements employers list in job postings—the specific qualities that employers believe are needed to get the job done. So what skills go along with “creativity” when an employer posts a job description? When you look at the more than 500 million job postings in the Burning Glass database, a few clusters of skills stand out:

Programming Software and Development

Useful skills in this field would include SQL, JavaScript, JAVA, software engineering, and technical writing and editing. Coding software calls for creative problem-solving. But the programming field is also one of the places most impacted by the rise of “hybrid jobs,” roles that combine skills that aren’t usually taught together. The rising field of UI/UX design is a good example, requiring knowledge of marketing, design, and programming to create apps people will actually use.

Product Development and Management

The act of building products and bringing them to market is a constant stream of challenges, and the more cutting-edge the product, the bigger the challenges are. Product design, concept development and product development, along with product management and marketing, are fundamental to turning ideas into profitable realities.

Business Skills

Business development, business process, e-commerce, store management, and even accounting are also cited in jobs calling for creativity. Fortunately, we’re not talking about the kind of “creative accounting” that sometimes puts people in jail. Instead, we’re talking about business solutions that a growing number of employers recognize as crucial to creative endeavors. The merging of skills allows businesses to thrive in challenging environments.

Design Skills

Graphic design, Web design, and software such as Adobe Photoshop, InDesign, and Acrobat, all rank high in jobs asking for creativity. The demand is for the ability to come up with something that looks good—and then actually to build it.

Marketing and Sales

As “Mad Men” demonstrated, certain parts of this sector have always been considered creative work. The skills required aren’t confined to advertising, however. The entire field of marketing and sales is represented by skills such as market strategy, social media, merchandising, and sales. If anything, the advent of content marketing has spread the demand for these skills far beyond the traditional occupations.

There are two main lessons from this list. One is that creativity isn’t just limited to the “creative professions” like arts and media. A generation or two ago, all of these skill sets existed in different fields. Programmers coded software, designers made products look good, marketers pushed products to market, and business executives rode herd over planning and accounting. Now more businesses are seeing these as skills that cross over and demand multiple skill sets.

The other lesson for job seekers is that creativity rarely stands alone. Employers want the whole package: strong technical skills and the imagination to combine them in new ways. Students who think that pursuing creative lines of work will allow them to eschew the increasingly universal demand for STEM skills may be in for a rude awakening.

The net impact is that there is more opportunity for creative people than ever before, because more and more work is considered creative. But all of those opportunities have to be grounded in hands-on, practical skills to make good ideas into good products—and good jobs.

Specific skills employers require in job ads asking for "creativity"

Matthew Sigelman is CEO of Burning Glass Technologies.

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